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英语专业考试

专业英语四级 专业英语八级
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3
PASSAGE TWO (1) The Nobels are the originals, of course. Alfred Nobel, the man who invented deadly explosives,decided to try and do something good with all the money he earned, and gave prizes to people who made progress in literature, science, economics and —perhaps most importantly —peace. (2) Not all rewards are as noble as the Nobels. Even though most countries have a system ofrecognizing, honoring and rewarding people who have done something good in their countries, there are now hundreds of awards and award ceremonies for all kinds of things. (3)The Oscars are probably the most famous, a time for the (mostly)American film industry to tell itself how good it is and an annual opportunity for lots of big stars to give each other awards and make tearful speeches. As well as that there are also the Golden Globes, evidently for the same thing. (4) But it’ s not only f ilms---there are also Grammies, Brits, the Mercury Prize and the MTV for music. In Britain, a writer who wins the Booker Prize can expect to see their difficult, literary novel hit the bestseller lists and compete with the Da Vinci Code for popularity. The Turner Prize is an award for British contemporary artists —each year it causes controversy by apparently giving lots of money to artists who do things like displaying their beds, putting animals in glass cases or— this year— building a garden shed. (5) Award s don ’ t only exist for arts. There are now awards for Sports Personality ofthe Year, for European Footballer of the Year and World Footballer of the Year. This seems very strange— sometimes awards can be good to give recognition to people who deserve it, or to helppeople who don’ t make a lot of money carry on their work without worrying about finances, but professional soccer players these days certainly aren’ t short of cash! (6) Many small towns and communities all over the world also have their own award ceremonies, for local writers or artists, or just for people who have graduated from high school or, got a university degree. Even the British Council has its own awards for “ Innovation in English Language Teaching”. (7) Why have all these awards and ceremonies appeared recently? Shakespeare never won a prize, nor did Leonardo Da Vinci or Adam Smith or Charles Dickens. (8) It would be possible to say, however, that in the past, scientists and artists couldwin “patronage form rich people”—a king or a lord would give the artists or scientists money to have them paint their palaces or help them develop new ways of making money. With the change in social systems across the world, this no longer happens. A lot of scientific research is now either funded by the state or by private companies. (9)Perhaps award ceremonies are just the most recent phase of this process. (10) However, there is more to it than that. When a film wins an Oscar, many more people will go and see it, or buy the DVD. When a writer wins the Nobel Prize, many more people buy their books. When a group wins the MTV awards, the ceremony is seen by hundreds of thousands of people across the world. The result?The group sells lots more records. (11) Most award ceremonies are now sponsored by big organizations or companies. This means that it is not only the person who wins the award who benefits---but also the sponsors. The MTV awards, for example, are great for publicizing not only music, but also MTV itself! (12) On the surface, it seems to be a “ Win -win ”situation, with everyone being happy, but let me ask you a question—how far do you think that publicity and marketing are winning here, and how much genuine recognition of achievement is taking place? 1. What is the author ’s tone when he mentions awards such as the Oscars, the Golden Globes and Grammies (Paras. 3 & 4) A. Amused. B. Appreciative. C. Sarcastic. D. Serious. 2. According to Para. 4, what would happen to award winning writers? A. They would enjoy a much larger readership. B. They would turn to popular novel writing. C. They would continue non-fiction writing. D. They would try controversial forms of art. 3. Which of the following statements best sums up Para. 6? A. Awards ceremonies are held for local people. B. Awards ceremonies are held on important occasions. C. Awards ceremonies are held in certain professions. D. Awards ceremonies are held for all sorts of reasons. 4. According to Para. 8, one difference between scientists and artists in the past and those at present lies in_____________. A. nature of work B. personal contact C. source of funding D. social status 5. It can be concluded from Para. 12 that the author thinks awards ________. A. promote market rather than achievements B. do good to both market and popularity C. help those who are really talented D. are effective in making people popular

题型:问答题

    

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4
PART V READING COMPREHENSION PASSAGE ONE (1) The earliest settlers came to the North American continent to establish colonies that were free from the controls that existed in European societies. They wanted to escape the controls placed on their lives by kings and governments, priests and churches, noblemen and aristocrats. The historic decisions made by those first settlers have had a profound effect on the shaping of the American character. By limiting the power of the government and the churches and eliminating a formal aristocracy, they created a climate of freedom where the emphasis was on the individual. Individual freedom is probably the most basic of all the American values. By freedom, Americans mean the desire and the ability of all individuals to control their own destiny without outside interference from the government, a ruling noble class, the church, or any other organized authority. (2) There is, however, a price to be paid for this individual freedom: self-reliance. It means that Americans believe they should stand on their own feet, achieving both financial and emotional independence from their parents as early as possible, usually by age 18 or 21. (3) A second important reason why immigrants have traditionally been drawn to the United States is the belief that everyone has a equal chance to enter a race and succeed in the game. Because titles of nobility were forbidden in the Constitution, no formal class system developed in the U.S. (4) There is, however, a price to be paid for this equality of opportunity: competition. If much of life is seen as race, then a person must run the race in order to succeed; a person must compete with others. The pressures of competition in the life of an American begin in childhood and continue until retirement from work. In fact, any group of people who does not compete successfully does not fit into the mainstream of American life as well as those who do. (5) A third reason why immigrants have traditionally come to the United States is to have a better life. Because of its abundant natural resources, the United States appeared to be a “land of plenty where millions could come to seek their fortunes. The phrase “going from rags to riches” became a slogan for the American dream. Many people did achieve material success. Material wealth became a value to the American people, and it also became an accepted measure of social status. (6) Americans pay a price, however, for their material wealth: hard work. Hard work has been both necessary and rewarding for most Americans throughout their history. In some ways, material possessions are seen as evidence of people’s abilities. Barry Goldwater, a candidate for the presidencyin 1964, said that most poor people are poor because they deserve to be. Most Americans would find this a harsh statement, but many might think there was some truth in it. (7) These basic values do not tell the whole story of the American character. Rather, they should be thought of as themes, as we continue to explore more facets of the American character and how it affects life in the United States. 1. Para.4 seems to suggest that __________. A. Americans are born with a sense of competition B. the pressure of competition begins when one starts work C. successful competition is essential in American society D. competition results in equality of opportunities 2. Which of the following methods does the author mainly use in explaining American values? A. Comparison D. Cause and effect C. Definition D. Process analysis

题型:问答题

    

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5
If not _____with the respect he feels due to him, Jack gets very ill-tempered and grumbles all the time.

题型:单选题

A. being treated B.treated C.be treated D.having been treated 

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6
The minister of finance is believed _____ of imposing new taxes to raise extra revenue.

题型:单选题

A.that is thinking B.to be thinking C.that he is to think D.to think 

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7
There are only ten apples left in the baskets, _____ the spoilt ones.

题型:单选题

A.not counting B.not to count C.don ’t count D.having not counted 

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9
What a nice day! How about the three of us _____ a walk in the park nearby.

题型:单选题

A.to take B.take C.taking D.to be taking 

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10
_____ at in this way, the situation doesn ’t seem so desperate.

题型:单选题

A.Looking B.Looked C.Being looked D.To look 

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11
Time _____, the celebration will be held as scheduled.

题型:单选题

A.permit B.permitting C.permitted D.permits 

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12
The compositions contained so few errors that the teacher got the students _____ one another ’s papers.

题型:单选题

A.correct B.to correct C.correcting D.to be correcting 

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13
_____ regular training in nursing, she could hardly cope with the work at first.

题型:单选题

A.Not received B.Since receiving C.Having received D.Not having received 

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14
I never regretted _____ his offer, for it was not where my interest lay.

题型:单选题

A.not to accept B.not having accepted C.having not accepted D.not accepting 

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15
If you explained the situation to your solicitor, he _____ able to advise you much better than I can.

题型:单选题

A. would be B.will have been C.was D.were 

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16
I don’t like _____ bills but when I do get them I like _____ them promptly.

题型:单选题

A. to get, paying B.getting, to pay C.to get, to pay D.getting, paying 

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17
Arriving at the bus stop, _____ waiting there.

题型:单选题

A.a lot of people were B.he found a lot of people C.a lot of people D.people were found 

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18
It is imperative that students _____ their term papers on time.

题型:单选题

A.hand in B.would hand in C.have to hand in D.handed in 

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19
It’s high time we _____ cutting down the rainforests.

题型:单选题

A. stopped B.had to stop C.shall stop D.stop 

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20
If only I _____ play the guitar as well as you!

题型:单选题

A.would B.could C.should D.might 

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